For more information see Capital punishment in Brazil. Prohibited by the. Death penalty for murder and treason. "Portuguese Constitution of 1933 - Part I, Title II, Article 8º, Nº11: [Translation]: "Article 3 of Law 635 - Amendment to the Portuguese Constitution of 1911 - The exception on the article of the death penalty: [Translation], "Ley Orgánica 11/1995, de 27 de noviembre, de abolición de la pena de muerte en tiempo de guerra", "Turkey's parliament 'to consider reintroducing death penalty. Hanging, firing squad. Blasphemy laws seem to be the norm rather than an exception when it comes to countries in the Middle East and North Africa where 14 countries out of 20 have anti-speech laws and penalize apostasy. Firing squad. The self-proclaimed state of Transnistria, which is claimed by Moldova, still retains the death penalty but has observed a moratorium on executions since 1999. Reporting by … Death penalty for. In 1986, yet another clause was added recommending the death penalty or life imprisonment for blasphemy against Muhammad, according to the BBC. Of the 49 independent states in Europe that are UN members or have UN Observer status: Abolition of death penalty is a pre-condition for entry into the European Union, which considers capital punishment a "cruel and inhuman" practice and "not been shown in any way to act as a deterrent to crime".. Thousands of protestors took to the streets, calling for Gibbons' execution. Hong Kong and Macau are also listed below (they have abolished the death penalty), but they are not included in the figures above as they do not have UN membership separate from China. 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The last execution elsewhere in the region was in Saint Kitts and Nevis in 2008. President. In North Korea, the state utilizes the death penalty against high-level criminals and those suspected of committing "grave" offences. Abolished 2016 for ordinary crimes, 2017 for all crimes. According to a 2017 report by the Myanmar National Human Rights Commission, 709 prisoners in 26 prisons across the country have had death sentences commuted to life imprisonment. The death penalty for crimes under the. Capital punishment is a legal penalty in Pakistan and, as an Islamic state, it must follow Islamic laws.  The last person to suffer the death penalty in Brazil was executed in 1876, during the Imperial era. Last execution when part of Ethiopia was 1989. , The European Union holds a strong position against the death penalty; its abolition is a key objective for the Union's human rights policy. Activist arrested for blasphemy could face death penalty. Of the 12 countries with a "very high" Human Development Index which practice executions, 10 are in Asia: Japan, Taiwan, Singapore, Malaysia, Saudi Arabia, Kuwait, Bahrain, Oman, Qatar, and the United Arab Emirates. Philippines, Switzerland, Portugal, Italy) only the later abolition date is included. The Kano State Court of Appeal has reserved judgment on the appeal of the death sentence on Yahaya Aminu-Sharif, a musician sentenced to death for a song deemed blasphemous against Prophet Mohammed. Death penalty for murder, treason, terrorism, armed robbery, espionage, piracy, war crimes, some military offences and crimes against humanity. The death penalty in China", India Executues Four Men Convicted of Bus Gang Rape and Murder, "Indonesian and three Nigerians executed for drug crimes", "Execution of women in tandem, Iran Hangs Two Women", "Iran executions see 'unprecedented spike' - Amnesty", "Iran - Facts on Trafficking and Prostitution", https://twitter.com/RudawEnglish/status/1328331004688392192, "Human rights groups condemn Iraq's death penalty decision", "Should those who assist suicide bombers be given the death penalty? The sordid history of the blasphemy law includes other attempts at establishing the strictest possible penalty (death) for non-Muslims by quoting sources meant only for Muslims. The death sentence has, however, provoked outrage on social media platforms, especially Twitter, where a number of Nigerians have taken to express their anger. It is worth noting that many, if not most, Muslim countries still have blasphemy laws but do not enforce a death penalty for it. The penalty for crimes committed in peacetime was then reinstated during two periods (from 1938 to 1946 and from 1969 to 1978), but on those occasions it was restricted to acts of terrorism or subversion considered "internal warfare". Death penalty for murder, terrorism, participating in a gang robbery if one of the robbers commits murder, abetting a successful mutiny, assault by a person under a life sentence which causing harm, assault with the intention to murder which causing only harm, perjury causing wrongful execution, Death penalty for murder, drug trafficking, arson, piracy, terrorism, kidnapping, recividism of aggravated offenses punishable by life imprisonment, leading an armed group that engages in spreading disorder (such as by sabotage, pillage or killing), espionage, treason and perjury causing wrongful execution. Of the 43 independent countries in Asia that are UN member or observer states: The information above is accurate as of 2017[update], when Mongolia abolished the death penalty, and does not include Taiwan, which is not currently a UN member; Taiwan practises the death penalty by shooting, and conducted one execution in 2016 and one in 2018. Death penalty for murder; rape; violent robbery; burglary; treason; housebreaking and military offenses. 24 (44%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years. Note: The tables can be sorted alphabetically or chronologically using the icon. His speech garnered massive protests, and Aghajari was tried, convicted and sentenced to death, though following appeals his punishment was reduced to jail time. The ACHPR has repeatedly said that countries should abolish the death penalty or establish a moratorium in line with the continental and global trend. It also has apostasy laws. Executions by firing squad. Abolished by constitution 2002. Precise numbers are not available for many countries, so the total number of executions is unknown. According to the latest International Humanist and Ethical Union's Freedom of Thought report, 13 countries currently have laws on the books carrying a penalty of death for blasphemy or apostasy. Quran (33:57) - "Verily, those who annoy Allah and His Messenger Allah has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating torment" Taseer had been campaigning for months to reform the country’s blasphemy laws as he sought justice for a young Christian woman, Aasia Bibi, who had been sentenced to death for the crime. Currently, the large majority of countries have either abolished or discontinued the practice. The last execution on Russian territory was in Chechnya in 1999. Death penalty for murder, aggravated murder, treason, destruction of military facilities resulting in death, imposing superstitious trials by ordeal resulting in death, terrorism, armed robbery, drug trafficking and drug possession during wartime, espionage, misappropriation by a public prosecutor of seized or confiscated goods in time of war, some military offences, war crimes, genocide and crimes against humanity. Wa state (officially the Wa Self-Administered Division) is nominally a semi-autonomous division located in two disconnected regions within Shan State.  The use of capital punishment is usually divided into the four categories set out below.  Chad abolished capital punishment for all offences in 2020. Laws restricting blasphemy are common in North Africa (70%) and the Middle East (90%). , Capital punishment has been completely abolished in all European countries except for Belarus and Russia, the latter of which has a moratorium and has not conducted an execution since 1999. From 1967 to 2014, over 1,300 people have been accused of blasphemy, with Muslims constituting most of those accused. 7 (16%) permit its use for ordinary crimes, but have not used it for at least 10 years. Current laws allow capital punishment for. Those whose hearts have become so hardened as to blaspheme the Spirit, however, will never truly seek God’s forgiveness. The country lifted a moratorium on the death penalty in December 2014, after a Taliban attack killed 148 people, mostly schoolchildren. 1 (1%) has announced a moratorium and plans to abolish capital punishment, but has used it within the last ten years. 16 (46%) have abolished capital punishment. Death penalty for murder, armed robbery, espionage, treason, economic crimes, military offenses, war crimes and genocide. China is the world's most active death penalty country; according to Amnesty International, China executes more people than the rest of the world combined per annum. The countries that impose these penalties are Afghanistan, Iran, Malaysia, Maldives, Mauritania, Nigeria, Pakistan, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, United Arab Emirates and Yemen… It is worth noting that many, if not most, Muslim countries still have blasphemy laws but do not enforce a death penalty for it. Despite this it was reinstated on several occasions: On 26 August 2008, a new Code of Military Justice was promulgated that abolished death penalty. In the hundred years following the abolition of capital punishment by Venezuela in 1863 only 11 more countries followed, not counting temporary abolitions which were later reversed. Note: Where a country has abolished, re-instated, and abolished again (e.g. It was passed by … The last known executions in this region took place in Tonga in 1982. Extrajudicial executions are still commonplace. Quran (33:57) - "Verily, those who annoy Allah and His Messenger Allah has cursed them in this world, and in the Hereafter, and has prepared for them a humiliating torment" Opinion polls state sentiment for governments to return to capital punishment remains high in many Caribbean countries and pressure on politicians to retain it factors high. In 2012, Latvia became the last EU Member State to abolish capital punishment in wartime.. Most executions worldwide take place in Asia. Non-independent territories are considered to be under the jurisdiction of their parent country – which leads to unexpectedly late abolition dates for the UK, New Zealand and the Netherlands, where Jersey (UK), the Cook Is (NZ), and the Netherlands Antilles, were the last territories of those states to abolish capital punishment, and all were rather later than the more well known abolitions on the respective mainlands. Death penalty for aggravated murder; terrorism; violent robbery, armed robbery or gang-robbery; arson; kidnapping; treason; espionage; certain military offenses; crimes against humanity; genocide; assaulting on-duty state employees with the intention of causing death; poisoning or mass poisoning of water supplies; committing torture or barbarous acts in the course of a serious offense and attempting a death-eligible crime. Death penalty abolished in revised 2009 criminal code.  Penalties for violating blasphemy laws in these countries can range from fines to imprisonment and death. Defunct countries such as the GDR (East Germany), which abolished capital punishment in 1987 but was dissolved in 1990, are also not included. Globally, of the 195 United Nations states, 54 countries retain capital punishment, 105 countries have completely abolished it de jure for all crimes, eight have abolished it for ordinary crimes (while maintaining it for special circumstances such as war crimes) and 28 are abolitionist in practice. 25 (58%) maintain the death penalty in both law and practice. "It is shocking that the word 'evolution' has been much on the tongues of children," the fatwa read, according to a Reuters report. Death penalty suspended following UN administration in 1999 when still a province of Indonesia. Libya executed more people (18) in 2010, than any other African state. Because blasphemy law is so subjective, the cases brought up in the various countries that try and execute for insulting religious belief have ranged from egregious to ridiculous. All of these countries, except Pakistan, allow for capital punishment against apostasy, while Pakistan imposes the death penalty for blasphemy – including a disbelief in God. In South Korea, Russia, the Bahamas, Barbados, and Brunei, a moratorium is in practice. This was revealed by the Human Rights Commission of Pakistan in its annual report released on Thursday. Brazil has always maintained the death penalty in wartime as part of its Military Code but, after Brazil became a Republic in 1889, capital punishment for civil offenses or for military offences committed in peacetime was abolished by the first republican Constitution, adopted in 1891. The absolute ban on the death penalty is enshrined in both the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union (EU) and two widely adopted protocols of the European Convention on Human Rights of the Council of Europe, and is thus considered a central value. As of 2020, a total of 53 countries still have the death sentence, employing a variety of methods including hanging, shooting, lethal injection, electrocution and beheading. As a final measure, they can plead for clemency from the president. Countries which have abolished and since reinstated (e.g. Taimoor Raza handed first-ever death sentence for insulting Prophet Muhammad on social media, amid blasphemy crackdown. Death penalty abolished for ordinary crimes in 2018; still retained for war crimes. Death penalty for treason; insurgency, banditry, sabotage or terrorism resulting in death; perjury in a capital case leading to wrongful execution; murder; attempted murder causing injury by a person sentenced to life for a previous murder; brigandage with murder; and drug dealing under aggravated circumstances. At least one execution may have been carried out between 1999 and 2008, but this remains unconfirmed. Of the 14 independent countries in Oceania that are UN member or observer states: Only Papua New Guinea and Tonga have not formally abolished capital punishment despite not using the practice since 1954 and 1982 respectively. Since 1999, Belarus has been the only recognized country in Europe to carry out executions. Firing squad. In addition, another six countries have laws in which death is the punishment for apostasy, or the denouncement of one’s religion. RELATED: Language and Religion Developed Simultaneously. In the Caribbean countries, the death penalty exists at least de jure, except in the Dominican Republic and Haiti, which abolished it in 1969 and 1987, respectively. Death penalty for murder; terrorism; participating in a mutiny; treason and espionage.  While Maynmar courts do hand down death sentences pro forma in particularly egregious cases, most recently in the 2018 case of Myo Zaw Oo who was convicted of the rape and murder of a government worker, the sentences in practice are not carried out and are in effect life sentences. Only four countries in Sub-Saharan Africa have anti-apostasy laws while no … Death penalty for murder; treason; military offenses; mutiny by prison officers; and abortion (in Zanzibar semi-autonomous region). In the Americas, 10 out of 35 countries (29%) had blasphemy laws, including the Bahamas, where the publication or sale of blasphemous material can … The Pakistan Penal Code, the main criminal code of Pakistan, punishes blasphemy (Urdu: قانون توہین رسالت ) against any recognized religion, providing penalties ranging from a fine to death. Death penalty for murder; treason; armed robbery. Botswana, Egypt, Equatorial Guinea, Libya, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, and Nigeria are examples of countries that execute people.